The meaning of being Catholic

The life of Saint Edmund Campion gives us some profound food for thought on what it means to be Catholic.


Why Women Wear Mantillas In Church

Here is a great article on the Catholic and Ancient Christian practice of women covering their heads in church.

Young women wearing mantillas Young women wearing mantillas

Chapel veils, or mantillas (which comes from the word manta, meaning cape) are typically circular or triangular shaped pieces of black or white lace that are draped over a woman’s head when attending Mass, or in the presence of the Blessed Sacrament. Traditionally, the black veils were worn by married or widowed women, while the white veils were worn by young girls, or unmarried women, but there are no hard and fast rules about this.

“Therefore ought the woman to have a power over her head, because of the angels.” (1 Corinthians 11:10)

St. Paul reminds us that as Christ did the will, and sought the honour of God the Father, so the Christian should avow his subjection to Christ, doing His will and seeking His glory. We should seek a fitting demeanour in our dress and habit, avoiding everything that may be dishonourable before…

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Documentary on Coptic Miaphysite Parishes in Jerusalem

Here is a fascinating documentary on the Coptic Miaphysite Church Parishes in Jerusalem. It also discusses the history and theology of the church as well. The church is noted for it’s Christology which is Miaphysite in nature. (That in the One Person of Jesus, His Divinity and Humanity are united in One Nature). Do enjoy the documentary!

Note: For more information on the Coptic Miaphysite Church or Eastern Christianity in general, do check out my previous post: A Note on Eastern Christianity. You can find it by clicking on the tags Miaphysite or Non-Chalcedonian Church in this post.

Virginity: Not Just For the Single

A timely post on chastity and how it can and should be practiced by all the Christian faithful. (And all people for that matter!) 🙂

Everyday Asceticism

The following severe saying is reported of St. Basil, the Bishop of Caesarea: “I know not woman and yet I am not a virgin.” By this he means that bodily purity consists not so much in foreswearing women but in integrity of heart. For it maintains a perpetual incorrupt holiness of heart whether from the fear of God or from love of purity.

St. John Cassian, Institutes 6.19

A little while back, I mentioned the three monastic virtues of poverty, virginity, and obedience. In that post, I wrote specifically about poverty. While I have written about virginity or chastity before, it is my conviction that such an important and unpopular subject really can’t be talked about enough today, and I was encouraged to revisit it through a recent conversation with a friend. While one could decry the evils of a secular culture that treats sex like candy, to…

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A Note on Eastern Christianity

Eastern Christianity is a very diverse facet of the Christian faith. For example there are Eastern Catholics ( Churches that are in communion with the Bishop of Rome of which the Maronite Catholic Church is the oldest, having never separated from the Catholic Church at all.) There are also, the Orthodox family of Churches of which there are the Oriental Orthodox Church (which consists of the Syriac, Coptic, Indian , Armenian and Ethiopian Churches) and the Eastern Orthodox Churches (which include The Greek, Russian, Serbian, Romanian and other Eastern European Churches)   These two groups of Orthodox Churches differ mainly in terms of their Christology. The Oriental Orthodox should be rightly called Non-Chalcedonian Miaphysite Orthodox Churches since they reject the Christological formula defined by the Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon that posited that Christ had in His One Person (Hypostasis in Greek)  Two distinct Natures (Physis in Greek) , One Human Nature and One Divine Nature, and instead subscribe to the Christological formula proposed by the Alexandrian school of theology that maintains that in the One Person of Christ, there is One Nature  that is both Human and Divine and without a separation of His Humanity and Divinity  hence the term Miaphysite which means One Nature.

Eastern Orthodox Churches however accept the Christology of the Council of Chalcedon and hence should rightly be called Chalcedonian Orthodox Churches and therein lies the difference. The similarities between the the two Churches are that they are autocephalous (self-headed or self-legislated), that they dispute the nature of the authority of the Pope of Rome and argue that he is “first among equals” or primus inter pares in Latin. Another similarity is that all Orthodox Christians Chalcedonian and Non-Chalcedonian, contend that the addition of a phrase to the Nicene Creed that says that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son (Otherwise known as the Filioque in Latin which Catholics affirm) instead of the Father only as indicated in the first edition of the Nicene Creed is erroneous and invalid.

There is also another Church known as the Assyrian Church of The East that is neither Orthodox nor Catholic (in communion with the Church of Rome). The Assyrian Church of The East is characterized by how they understand the Archbishop Nestorius whom they regard as a saint, They contend that Nestorius was wrongly condemned for his Christological and Mariological views and while they do not subscribe to certain aspects of the theology of Nestorius, they do still use the term that Nestorius used as a title for the Virgin Mary which is Christotokos (Mother of Christ or Christ-Bearer) instead of the term used by Catholic and Orthodox Christians, Theotokos (Mother of God or God-Bearer)  and also maintain like Chalcedonian Orthodox and Catholic Christians that Christ has Two distinct Natures that are both Human and Divine. Also, The Assyrian Church of The East affirms the position of it’s Orthodox bretheren in not accepting the addition of the Filioque to the Nicene Creed with regards to the procession of the Holy Spirit

Note: This is but a brief description of Eastern Christianity, for more information on the topic do consult the Blackwell Dictionary of Eastern Christianity that  is a truly comprehensive resource on the subject. Cheers!