Here is a fascinating post on the figures of the Pharisee and the Publican in the Gospel of Luke.
The Redemptorist Father Ferreol Girardey illustrates in the following twelve Gospel narratives the proper dispositions which should accompany our prayers.
The first narrative he cites is the Parable of the Pharisee and the Publican (Lk 18:10-14): “Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, the other a publican. The Pharisee, standing, prayed thus within himself: O God, I give Thee thanks that I am not as the rest of men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, as also is this publican. I fast twice in a week; I give tithes of all I possess to the poor. And the publican, standing afar off, would not so much as lift up his eyes towards heaven, but struck his breast, saying: O God, be merciful to me, a sinner. I say to you, this man went down into his house justified, rather than the other; because everyone that exalteth himself…
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